Laboratory Animal and Comparative Medicine ›› 2023, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (5): 566-573.DOI: 10.12300/j.issn.1674-5817.2023.022

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Establishment of Fluorescence qPCR Method for Detection of Staphylococcus Aureus and Its Application in Feces Detection of Rats and Mice

Lingzhi YU, Jianyun XIE, Liping FENG, Xiaofeng WEI()()   

  1. Shanghai Laboratory Animal Research Center, Shanghai 201203, China
  • Received:2023-02-20 Revised:2023-05-30 Online:2023-10-25 Published:2023-11-01
  • Contact: Xiaofeng WEI


Objective To establish a method for rapid and sensitive detection of Staphylococcus aureus. Methods The specific gene nuc of Staphylococcus aureus was selected as the target gene. A pair of specific primers and a TaqMan probe were designed and synthesized according to the published sequence of the nuc gene. Establish a nucleic acid detection method for nuc gene using fluorescence quantitative PCR technology, and apply it clinically in the detection of fecal samples from rats and mice. Results The DNA extracted from Staphylococcus aureus and other non-Staphylococcus aureus strains was detected by qPCR. The results showed that Staphylococcus aureus had a specific amplification curve, while other non-Staphylococcus aureus did not, indicating that the designed primers and probes were specific for Staphylococcus aureus. The sensitivity of this method was determined by diluting the DNA of Staphylococcus aureus by 10 times. The results showed that the detection limit of this method was 10 fg DNA, which was 2 orders of magnitude higher than that of ordinary PCR method. A total of 91 clinical samples were detected in this study, of which 4 rat samples from the same facility had a typical S-curve. The PCR products were sequenced and BLAST compared. The gene sequence of this sample was 100% similar to that of Staphylococcus aureus, indicating that the sample was positive for the nucleic acid of Staphylococcus aureusnuc gene, with a positive rate of 4.40%. The result was consistent with that obtained by bacterial culture method. The nucleic acid extraction adopted a full-automatic nucleic acid purification instrument, and the time required from nucleic acid extraction to detection result determination was less than 1.5 h. Conclusion The qPCR method established in this study to identify Staphylococcus aureus with nuc gene as the target gene has the advantages of fast, high sensitivity and specificity, and can be used for the detection of Staphylococcus aureus in feces of rats and mice.

Key words: Staphylococcus aureus, Method of detection, Fluorescent quantitative PCR, Feces, Rats, Mice

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